Phallus Stone in Sandong-ri

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Chinese Characters 山東里 男根石
Alternative name Standing Stone,Parwang Village,Lotus flower,Phallus Stone,Yeogeungok,Lotus-engraved stone,Complementary Feng shui Element,Lotus-carved Rock
Field Life·Folklore / Folklore
Type Relics / Folk Beliefs Relics
Area Parwang Village in Sandong-ri, Paldeok-myeon, Sunchang-gun, Jeollabuk-do
Writer Kim Hyeongjun

    [Detail Information]

    Cultural Property Designation Date December 27, 1979연표보기 - Sandong-ri Phallus Stone was designated Jeollabuk-do Folk Cultural Property No. 14.
    Current Location Sandong-ri Phallus Stone - 452 Sandong-ri, Paldeok-myeon, Sunchang-gun, Jeollabuk-doMap
    Characteristics Standing Stone
    Size(Height, Girth) Height: 1.65 m / Girth: 1.45 m
    Ownership State-owned
    Manager Yun Hongseop
    Cultural Property Designation No. Jeollabuk-do Folk Cultural Property No. 14
[Definition]
The lotus-patterned standing stone erected in front of Parwang Village in Sandong-ri, Paldeok-myeon, Sunchang-gun, Jeollabuk-do.

[Summary]
Sandong-ri Phallus Stone is a standing stone on which lotus blossoms, buds, and leaves are engraved. This standing stone is called a phallus stone as there is a vagina valley at the center of the village. The phallus stone erected in front of the village, opposite the vagina valley landscape is believed to repress the strong yin[female] energy of Parwang Village. However, the stone is far from a phallus shape. It is more like a standing stone pillar with standardized patterns of lotus blossoms, buds, and leaves. In this regard, the stone pillar of Parwang Village would be better evaluated as a cultural property if it were called a Lotus Stone Pillar, rather than a Phallus Stone. In fact, this lotus stone pillar was erected at the present site with the aim of repressing the female energy of the vagina valley as the valley landscape is seen from the side where a lotus leaf was engraved at the top of the standing stone.It was designated Jeollabuk-do Folk Cultural Property No. 14 on December 27, 1979.

[Location]
Parwang Village has the topography of a female groin, the front side of the village appearing to slip down. In order to prevent the good energy from slipping through the valley, a bank and a forest were built in front of the village, following traditional feng shui practices. In the past, a lotus stone pillar was erected at the center of the village forest planted on the front bank of Parwang Village, and it was recently moved about 20m to the left. In essence, the stone pillar is a typical repressive standing stone used in feng shui to repress the site’s female energy by erecting it opposite the topography of a female groin[vagina valley] in the middle of a village.

[Composition]
Sandong-ri Phallus Stone[Parwang Village Lotus Stone Pillar] is a standing stone with a height of 1.65m and a girth of 1.45m and has very standardized lotus patterns engraved on it. At the top of the stone, a lotus leaf is engraved and on its surface, engraved lotus leaves, blossoms, and buds are arranged. It boasts a very sophisticated formative beauty where lotus blossoms and buds are orderly placed between lotus leaves.

[Rituals]
As Sandong-ri Phallus Stone[Parwang Village Lotus Stone Pillar] was erected as a complementary element to feng shui, there have been no special religious rituals handed down in relation with the stone.

[Current State]
Sandong-ri Phallus Stone[Parwang Village Lotus Stone Pillar] has been categorized as a phallus stone since it was first registered as a folk cultural material under the categorization. However, the stone pillar is a feng shui complementary element, not related to worship for conceiving baby boys. Therefore, it would be more appropriate to call it Lotus Stone Pillar or Lotus-patterned Stone Sculpture, considering that standardized lotus patterns are engraved on its surface.

[Significance and Evaluation]
Sandong-ri Phallus Stone[Parwang Village Lotus Stone Pillar] is a very rare kind of standing stone with lotus patterns engraved on it. In fact, the reason why this lotus-patterned standing stone was erected in Parwang Village can be explained by analyzing the engraved lotus patterns. Parwang Village is known as a place where Lady Jo from Okcheon lived at the end of Goryeo Dynasty. Golbat area where Lady Jo was residing still remains in the village. Therefore, this lotus stone pillar seems to have been erected under the influence of feng shui at the end of Goryeo Dynasty when Buddhist culture was thriving. In this regard, the standing stone in Parwang Village should be reevaluated as a lotus stone sculpture, rather than a phallus stone.

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